The law requires food handlers to receive training in food safety and food hygiene, to ensure that they can complete their work to the highest standard, with the health of consumers in mind. This training will ensure food handlers know how to clean the workplace, prepare food, store food, cook food and serve food safely and hygienically. Therefore, understanding what type of training food handlers are required to take part in is important.
Food Safety Training
Food safety training could include the following:
- Learning how food contamination can occur, such as physical, biological, chemical and cross contamination.
- Learning the different illnesses which can occur as a result of consuming contaminated food and how to avoid this.
- Learning how to cook foods to the appropriate temperature, which is 75°C or 70°C for at least 2 minutes, to ensure all bacteria is killed.
- Learning how to prepare food properly, such as using different chopping boards and utensils for different foods, to ensure germs are not transferred between foods.
- Learning not to use food which has passed its use-by date.
Food Hygiene Training
Food hygiene training could include the following:
- Learning about personal hygiene is of the utmost importance, including how to thoroughly wash hands, wear clean clothes to work, ensure any cuts have a bright blue plaster applied and the importance of tying hair back.
- Learning how to clean the workspace, the sides, the equipment and the utensils properly. This will ensure that germs are killed and the risk of cross contamination between foods is mitigated.
- Learning how to store foods appropriately. For example, foods which need to be stored in a refrigerator should be kept between the temperature of 0°C and 5°C. Refrigerators should therefore be set at 3°C or 4°C.
- Learning that certain foods should be kept separate. For example, raw meat must be wrapped up and placed in a separate part of a refrigerator to vegetables and other foods.
Who are food handlers?
Some food handlers will require basic food hygiene and food safety training, which does not cover cooking or preparing food as comprehensively, such as the following:
- Waiters in restaurants
- Kitchen porters
- Food delivery drivers
- Bar workers
Some food handlers and chefs who work directly with food will require comprehensive food hygiene and food safety training. Including those who work in the following:
- Fast Food Restaurants
- Hospital Kitchens
- School Kitchens
- Care Home Kitchens
- Takeaway Restaurants
Food safety and food hygiene training is of the utmost importance to ensure that consumer health is protected as far as possible. Therefore, knowing which employees require food safety and food hygiene training is important for food businesses in the UK.